Definition of the media and communication
According to the political encyclopedia, the media and communication are an expression quoted from the terms used in the English-American political dictionary, and it means – according to the original meaning – all cultural means of publication, including the press, cinema, radio, television, books and advertisements, which are directed to the broad sectors of people, where These means depend on an advanced production technology that allows them to reach these people without any obstacles, so traditional media and communications are those media that include newspapers, magazines, radio and television, and the new media and communication are the media. Il responsible for the flow of information via the Internet and mobile phone, and in this talk about the most important media story.
The most important media
The knowledge development of man and technology contributed to the development of the media through time, so this development played a prominent role in disseminating information, news, news and events across the various social, economic, political and other environments, and accordingly, the most important media and identification are listed separately.
Printing is one of the most important media, as the invention of printing had the most important role in the emergence of the media and communication. The discovery of printing opened wide horizons in contributing to publishing books and developing mass media. When Junberg invented the printing machine in 1436 AD, the print boom began and began with the emergence of the media, as they were used The London Times Newspaper is printed with two steam cylinders for the first time, and was able to print 1100 copies per hour, and then rolled out the invention and development of printing presses in Europe and America that adopted and focused on efficiency and speed, contributing to the development of printing machines to flourish the processes of printing and publishing FH targeted magazines, newspapers and periodicals, with intensified competition on who can print more, and can deliver news and information at the time to a larger segment of the public.
The emergence of journalism in its current sense began with the invention of printing in the fifteenth century in the light of the people’s need for printed news. In Francophone countries, newspapers appeared with the emergence of the Doyle Weekly newspaper in 1622 AD, and in England Londonden Casit appeared as the first newspaper in 1666, and in America the first newspaper appeared in 1690 in the city Boston, and the press evolved during the industrial revolution, as printed newspapers increased with the speed of printing reaching ten thousand sheets per hour, and in 1910 most features of modern newspapers were completed, but the modern press completed its features with the end of World War II, so headlines and news became written in a different way. Previous n, entertainment and sports pages appeared.
Television is one of the strongest and most important media outlets for its power to attract attention and influence the audience and its dazzling, as the television carries the advantages of cinema in terms of image, theater in terms of movement and vitality, and broadcasting in terms of sound, as the television system allows to send and receive the moving and visual image and the accompanying sound through the waves In 1927, researchers succeeded in transmitting a television image through closed circuit from Washington to New York. TV broadcasting is currently broadcasting techniques image ultra-high definition 4K technology as a technology HD.
Radio is what is transmitted by the air through electromagnetic waves that can cross political and geographical barriers, working by linking its listeners directly and quickly, thanks to the emergence of radio in the world to the Italian physicist Galileo Marconi, who was able in 1896 AD to send hertzic waves for the first time in the history of communications Wireless 400 meters away, then developments continued until he managed to achieve his greatest victory in 1901, so he was able to transmit radio waves between New Flandland and Connolly across the Atlantic Ocean at a distance of 3200 km, and then Marconi started radio transmission from his home in 1921 AD.
Electronic journalism is one of the most important and first electronic media. The tremendous development in computer technology has contributed to the emergence of electronic journalism, thanks to the emergence of this type of journalism due to the multiple attempts of journalists and researchers to produce a non-paper newspaper, you can perform the functions of print journalism and this type of Journalism is one of the new media, by exploiting the possibilities of communication to the Internet. Researchers in electronic journalism expect to advance on paper journalism, as they see that the development of electronic journalism is the only way for journalism to remain as a medium. Mass Communication, and electronic journalism is currently one of the most important tools for media influence.
Through talking about the most important media, it is necessary to talk about the new media, as this sentence has become a cultural norm in societies, where the public uses it without any specific or clear idea of what it contains or means in daily use, so the concept of media New to the public is a mystery, so does the new media mean the latest technological tools, or just something linked to the Internet or a new form of entertainment, as researchers in the field of communication have taken a lot of entries to define the media and communication technologies, one of the entries classified according to their characteristics or capabilities Theory, which corresponds to human behavior and its senses.
In talking about the most important media, investigative journalism must be addressed, as there are multiple definitional formulas for investigative investigations, but they agree that investigative journalism is investigations and press reports that are based on procedures and methods that are based on professional and scientific rules that the journalist uses to arrive at the facts Hidden and hidden, or track and uncover some of the thorny issues in order to present them to the public, with the aim of protecting the interests of society and creating oversight of public authorities, and investigative journalism in order to satisfy or meet the needs of society, as it derives its legitimacy from SAS to society need to do a particular job based on their needs.